Characteristics of Cardiac Muscle Cells

Jul 10, 2018 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Characteristics of Cardiac Muscle Cells

OBJECTIVES The student understands the ionic basis of the spontaneous electrical activity of cardiac muscle cells: Describes how membrane potentials are created across semipermeable membranes by transmembrane ion concentration differences….

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Overview of the Cardiovascular System

Jul 10, 2018 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Overview of the Cardiovascular System

OBJECTIVES The student understands the homeostatic role of the cardiovascular system, the basic principles of cardiovascular transport, and the basic structure and function of the components of the system: Defines…

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The Heart Pump

Jul 10, 2018 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on The Heart Pump

OBJECTIVES The student knows the basic electrical and mechanical events of the cardiac cycle: Correlates the electrocardiographic events with the mechanical events during the cardiac cycle. Lists the major distinct…

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Measurements of Cardiac Function

Jul 10, 2018 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Measurements of Cardiac Function

OBJECTIVES The student recognizes several techniques of assessing cardiac mechanical activity: Describes echocardiography and other cardiac visualization techniques for estimating cardiac ejection fraction. Describes the end-systolic pressure–volume relationship and how…

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The Peripheral Vascular System

Dec 18, 2016 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on The Peripheral Vascular System

OBJECTIVES The student understands the basic principles of cardiovascular transport and its role in maintaining homeostasis: Identifies the factors that determine transport of substances within the vascular system and those…

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Vascular Control

Dec 18, 2016 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Vascular Control

OBJECTIVES The student understands the general mechanisms involved in local vascular control: Identifies the major ways in which smooth muscle differs anatomically and functionally from striated muscle. Lists the steps…

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Cardiovascular Responses to Physiological Stresses

Dec 18, 2016 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Cardiovascular Responses to Physiological Stresses

OBJECTIVES The student understands the general mechanisms involved in the cardiovascular responses to any given normal homeostatic disturbance in the intact cardiovascular system and can predict the resulting alterations in…

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Cardiovascular Function in Pathological Situations

Dec 18, 2016 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Cardiovascular Function in Pathological Situations

OBJECTIVES The student understands the primary disturbances, compensatory responses, decompensatory processes, and possible therapeutic interventions that pertain to various abnormal cardiovascular situations: Defines circulatory shock. Identifies the primary disturbances that…

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Hemodynamic Interactions

Dec 18, 2016 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Hemodynamic Interactions

OBJECTIVES The student understands how central venous pressure can be used to assess circulatory status and how venous return, cardiac output, and central venous pressure are interrelated: Describes the overall…

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Regulation of Arterial Pressure

Dec 18, 2016 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Regulation of Arterial Pressure

OBJECTIVES The student understands the primary mechanisms involved in the short-term regulation of arterial pressure: Identifies the sensory receptors, afferent pathways, central integrating centers, efferent pathways, and effector organs that…

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