RESPIRATORY

Alveolar Ventilation

Oct 11, 2019 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Alveolar Ventilation

Objectives 1. Understand the composition of gases from ambient air to the alveoli. 2. Describe the alveolar air equation and its use. 3. Define the alveolar carbon dioxide equation and…

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Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Transport

Oct 11, 2019 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Transport

Objectives 1. Explain diffusion limitation and perfusion limitation and their importance in gas exchange 2. Apply Fick’s law to the alveolar–capillary surface. 3. Describe the diffusion of oxygen and carbon…

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Nonrespiratory Functions of the Lung

Oct 11, 2019 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Nonrespiratory Functions of the Lung

Objectives 1. Describe patterns of particle deposition in the nose and airways and how they relate to lung defense and disease. 2. Describe the role of the nose in lung…

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Control of Respiration

Oct 11, 2019 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Control of Respiration

Objectives 1. Provide an overview of the three basic elements of the ventilatory control system. 2. Explain the structure and function of central chemoreceptors and peripheral chemoreceptors and their interrelationship….

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The Lung Under Special Circumstances

Oct 11, 2019 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on The Lung Under Special Circumstances

Objectives 1. Explain the circulatory and ventilatory changes associated with exercise. 2. Outline three ways that exercise testing can be performed. 3. Describe the five stages of fetal lung development….

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Multiple-Choice Examination

Oct 11, 2019 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Multiple-Choice Examination

1. If a patient’s total lung capacity is 5.0 L with a tidal volume of 0.5 L, an inspiratory reserve volume of 3.0 L, and an expiratory reserve volume of…

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Abbreviations, Gas Laws

Oct 11, 2019 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Abbreviations, Gas Laws

Abbreviations 1.1 Pressures P b , barometric (ambient) pressure P h 2 o , water vapor pressure 1.2 Respiratory Gases P a , partial pressure of a gas in alveolar…

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Answers to Self-Study Problems

Oct 11, 2019 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Answers to Self-Study Problems

Chapter 1 1. The alveolar–capillary unit has a large surface area for gas exchange. In addition, there is a short distance between the alveolus and the red blood cell, and…

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