RESPIRATORY

Lung Transplantation

Nov 20, 2018 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Lung Transplantation

Lung Transplantation Jennifer Alexander-Brett Ramsey Hachem General Principles This chapter briefly touches on the background of lung transplantation, common terminology, and candidate selection. The primary focus, however, is on postoperative…

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Cavitary Lung Disease

Nov 20, 2018 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Cavitary Lung Disease

Cavitary Lung Disease Desh Nandedkar General Principles Cavitary lung diseases may arise from a broad range of disease processes. Cavitation may represent an active, latent, or resolved condition. Definition Pathologic…

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Solitary Pulmonary Nodule

Nov 20, 2018 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Solitary Pulmonary Nodule

Solitary Pulmonary Nodule Michael D. Monaco General Principles The solitary pulmonary nodule (SPN) is a common incidental finding on CXR or CT scan. The primary goal of working up an…

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Occupational Lung Disease

Nov 20, 2018 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Occupational Lung Disease

Occupational Lung Disease Peter G. Tuteur Barbara Lutey Introduction The workplace contains a wide range of materials and conditions that can potentially aggravate pre-existing conditions or cause pulmonary disease in…

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Interstitial Lung Disease

Nov 20, 2018 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Interstitial Lung Disease

Interstitial Lung Disease Catherine Chen Adrian Shifren General Principles Definition Interstitial lung disease (ILD) describes a heterogeneous group of over 200 diseases affecting the pulmonary interstitium with varying degrees of…

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Sleep-Disordered Breathing

Nov 20, 2018 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Sleep-Disordered Breathing

Sleep-Disordered Breathing Tonya D. Russell General Principles Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is comprised of multiple different entities: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) Central sleep apnea (CSA) Sleep-related hypoventilation Definitions An apnea is…

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Pleural Diseases

Nov 20, 2018 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Pleural Diseases

Pleural Diseases Alexander C. Chen Daniel J. Brown General Principles The pleural lining is a serous membrane covering the lung parenchyma, chest wall, diaphragm, and mediastinum. The pleural membrane covering…

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Pulmonary Hypertension

Nov 20, 2018 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Pulmonary Hypertension

Pulmonary Hypertension Murali M. Chakinala Adam Anderson General Principles Definition Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is defined by a mean pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) >25 mm Hg.1 Discrimination of the type of…

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Pulmonary Embolism and Deep Venous Thrombosis

Nov 20, 2018 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Pulmonary Embolism and Deep Venous Thrombosis

Pulmonary Embolism and Deep Venous Thrombosis Hannah Otepka Mannem Roger D. Yusen General Principles Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is a commonly diagnosed condition with a morbidity and mortality rate that…

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Pulmonary Vasculitis

Nov 20, 2018 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Pulmonary Vasculitis

Pulmonary Vasculitis Amit Patel Alfred H. J. Kim Vasculitis Overview General Principles This chapter discusses the pulmonary features of systemic vasculitides, primarily focusing on the antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated small-vessel…

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