CARDIAC SURGERY

Transposition of the Great Vessels

Nov 14, 2018 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Transposition of the Great Vessels

Transposition of the Great Vessels Transposition of the great arteries is a congenital malformation in which the heart has atrioventricular concordance and ventriculoarterial discordance. Therefore, the clinical findings are an…

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Surgery for Coronary Disease

Nov 14, 2018 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Surgery for Coronary Disease

Surgery for Coronary Disease Surgery for revascularization of the myocardium continues to be an effective and lasting means of managing patients with multivessel coronary artery disease. However, the evolution of…

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The Fontan Principle

Nov 14, 2018 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on The Fontan Principle

The Fontan Principle The Fontan principle is applied to patients with single-ventricle congenital heart disease. The ultimate goal is to achieve a circulation in which the systemic venous return is…

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Left Ventricular Outflow Tract Obstruction

Nov 14, 2018 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Left Ventricular Outflow Tract Obstruction

Left Ventricular Outflow Tract Obstruction CONGENITAL AORTIC STENOSIS Pathologic findings in congenital aortic stenosis can vary. The valve may be bicuspid, tricuspid, or unicuspid, and the commissures may be fused…

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The Norwood Principle

Nov 14, 2018 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on The Norwood Principle

The Norwood Principle Hypoplastic left heart syndrome is the most common form of congenital heart disease in which there is only one fully developed ventricle and is the fourth most…

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Interrupted and Hypoplastic Aortic Arch

Nov 14, 2018 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Interrupted and Hypoplastic Aortic Arch

Interrupted and Hypoplastic Aortic Arch INTERRUPTED AORTIC ARCH Interruption of the aortic arch is a rare condition that requires a patent ductus arteriosus for survival. A ventricular septal defect is…

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Right Ventricular Outflow Tract Obstruction

Nov 14, 2018 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Right Ventricular Outflow Tract Obstruction

Right Ventricular Outflow Tract Obstruction The right ventricular outflow tract includes the right ventricular outlet chamber (or the infundibulum); the pulmonary valve; the main, right, and left pulmonary arteries; and…

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Coronary Artery Anomalies

Nov 14, 2018 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Coronary Artery Anomalies

Coronary Artery Anomalies Anomalies of the coronary arteries are rare and include left coronary artery origin from the pulmonary artery, coronary artery fistula, and aberrant origin of the left or…

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Truncus Arteriosus

Nov 14, 2018 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Truncus Arteriosus

Truncus Arteriosus Persistent truncus arteriosus is characterized by the emergence of a single common arterial trunk from the heart overriding the interventricular septum. The main pulmonary artery or the right…

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Ebstein Anomaly

Nov 14, 2018 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Ebstein Anomaly

Ebstein Anomaly Ebstein anomaly is a rare disease. The pathologic anatomy consists of displacement of part or all of the tricuspid valve orifice into the right ventricle. Attachments of all…

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