CARDIAC SURGERY

12 General Anatomy of the Heart

Mar 16, 2021 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on 12 General Anatomy of the Heart

Farhood Saremi and Damián Sánchez-Quintana 12 General Anatomy of the Heart Introduction This chapter provides a general description of the heart anatomy and offers an outline of the relevant clinical…

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19 The Coronary Veins

Mar 16, 2021 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on 19 The Coronary Veins

Farhood Saremi and Damián Sánchez-Quintana 19 The Coronary Veins Introduction The literature for coronary veins, in contrast to that for coronary arteries, is scarce. Moreover, a complete, highly efficient and…

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18 Coronary Arteries and Myocardial Perfusion

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Farhood Saremi 18 Coronary Arteries and Myocardial Perfusion Introduction Knowledge of gross anatomy and microcirculation of the coronary arterial system is important not only to address the spatial location of…

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11 Breast Anatomy

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Sandy C. Lee 11 Breast Anatomy Introduction Understanding breast anatomy is important to recognizing the disease processes that may occur within the breast. Mammary glands are unique to mammals and…

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13 Atrioventricular Septal Region

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Shumpei Mori, Diane E. Spicer, and Robert H. Anderson 13 Atrioventricular Septal Region Introduction The anatomy of the base of the ventricular mass is markedly complex. Several important structures, including…

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20 The Pericardium

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Farhood Saremi 20 The Pericardium Introduction The lungs and the heart reside in separate compartments within the thoracic cavity. The lobes of the lung are located in two pleural cavities…

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16 The Mitral Valve

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Francesco F. Faletra, Horia Muresian, Damián Sánchez-Quintana, and Farhood Saremi 16 The Mitral Valve Introduction Over the last two decades, echocardiography (two- and three-dimensional [2D and 3D] transthoracic [TTE] and…

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17 The Tricuspid Valve Apparatus

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Farhood Saremi 17 The Tricuspid Valve Apparatus Introduction The tricuspid valve (TV) plays an important role in many pathological states and its abnormality may directly or indirectly influence the morbidity…

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14 The Aortic Valve

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Francesco F. Faletra and Farhood Saremi 14 The Aortic Valve Introduction The aortic valve is a complex structure, which consists of different highly specialized components that interact with each other,…

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1 Thoracic Wall

Mar 16, 2021 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on 1 Thoracic Wall

Farhood Saremi and Damián Sánchez-Quintana 1 Thoracic Wall Introduction The thoracic (chest) wall is composed of the rib cage, inner and outer muscles, vessels, lymphatics, fascia, and skin. The rib…

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