GENERAL

Non–ST-Segment Elevation Acute Coronary Syndromes

Mar 21, 2019 by in GENERAL Comments Off on Non–ST-Segment Elevation Acute Coronary Syndromes

In this chapter, we have drawn from evidence-based guidelines, adopted the standard classification schemas used to grade the level of recommendation and strength of supportive evidence, and provided updated information…

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Advances in Coronary Revascularization

Mar 21, 2019 by in GENERAL Comments Off on Advances in Coronary Revascularization

Overview The field of coronary revascularization was revolutionized more than 50 years ago, when the first successful coronary artery bypass surgery was performed, followed shortly thereafter by the first percutaneous…

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Cardiovascular Disease and Lifestyle Modification

Mar 21, 2019 by in GENERAL Comments Off on Cardiovascular Disease and Lifestyle Modification

Because of the difficulty many patients have in improving their diet, physicians may be tempted to lose faith in a nonpharmacologic approach to the treatment of cardiovascular disease (CVD). This…

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Pharmacologic Management of Hypertension

Mar 21, 2019 by in GENERAL Comments Off on Pharmacologic Management of Hypertension

Overview The pharmacologic management of hypertension has evolved significantly over the past few decades. In the past, thiazide diuretics and β-blockers were highly recommended as the only first-line therapies due…

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Nonpharmacologic Treatment of Tachyarrhythmias

Mar 21, 2019 by in GENERAL Comments Off on Nonpharmacologic Treatment of Tachyarrhythmias

For many arrhythmia syndromes, catheter ablation has replaced pharmacologic therapy. Multicenter studies over the past 3 decades have demonstrated disappointing efficacy, frequent nuisance, and even life-threatening side effects of antiarrhythmic…

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