CARDIOLOGY

Transposition of the Great Arteries

Aug 12, 2017 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Transposition of the Great Arteries

Fig. 8.1 d-Transposition of the great arteries with intact ventricular septum (Copyright © 2014 New Media Center, University of Basel. All Rights Reserved) 8.1.1.1 Surgical Repair Techniques Before surgical repair…

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Fetal Heart Disease

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Fig. 1.1 (a) The five axial views for optimal fetal heart screening. The colour image shows the trachea, heart and great vessels, liver and stomach, with the five planes of…

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Pulmonary Stenosis

Aug 12, 2017 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Pulmonary Stenosis

Fig. 18.1 12-lead ECG of a patient with significant pulmonary stenosis. There is a right bundle branch block, evidence of RV hypertrophy and a slightly peaked P wave 18.1.5 Echocardiography…

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Cyanotic Lesions

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Fig. 16.1 Evolution of numbers of adults with unrepaired cyanotic heart defects stratified for age 18–40 years and >40 years followed at the Toronto Congenital Cardiac Centre for Adults between…

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Pregnancy in Repaired Tetralogy of Fallot

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Fig. 7.1 Underlying anatomy and common variations in nature of intervention for surgical repair of tetralogy of Fallot. Image (a) depicts the underlying anatomical substrate of tetralogy of Fallot. Anterocephalad…

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Aortopathy

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Fig. 12.1 Aortic anatomy Anatomically, the aorta is subdivided into four major segments: the ascending aorta – comprising the aortic root (including the annulus, sinuses of Valsalva, and sinotubular junction)…

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Aortic Stenosis

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Fig. 10.1 Flow chart describing the management of women with aortic stenosis according to different phases (Phase 1–5). AVR aortic valve replacement, TTE transthoracic echocardiography, ET exercise test, BNP brain…

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Pregnancy in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

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Fig. 11.1 Pedigree of a HCM family showing extensive phenotypic heterogeneity. Family member A = G+/HCM− at advanced age, noncardiac cause of death. Family member B = G+/HCM+ SD during…

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Ebstein Anomaly

Aug 12, 2017 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Ebstein Anomaly

Fig. 14.1 Echo picture (four-chamber-view) of typical EA with apical displacement of the tricuspid valve   2. Right atrial and functional right ventricular dilation increases as tricuspid regurgitation worsens. During…

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Shunt Lesions

Aug 12, 2017 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Shunt Lesions

  Cardiac complications Obstetric complications Mode of delivery Puerperium Risk of transmission WHO categories Unrepaired ASD Atrial arrhythmias Prematurity Vaginal delivery Thromboprophylaxis 5 % 2 Thromboembolic event SGA Epidural Repaired…

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