CARDIOLOGY

15 Congenital Heart Defects

Jun 13, 2020 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on 15 Congenital Heart Defects

10.1055/b-0035-121510 15 Congenital Heart Defects 15.1 Atrial Septal Defects 15.1.1 Basics Definition An atrial septal defect (ASD) is a pathological connection between the left and the right atrium. The defect…

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24 Interventional Catheterization

Jun 13, 2020 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on 24 Interventional Catheterization

10.1055/b-0035-121519 24 Interventional Catheterization 24.1 Basics Today, an increasing number of cardiac catheterization procedures are no longer used for diagnostic purposes only. This means that more and more catheter-based treatment…

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18 Cardiac Arrhythmias

Jun 13, 2020 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on 18 Cardiac Arrhythmias

10.1055/b-0035-121513 18 Cardiac Arrhythmias 18.1 Antiarrhythmic Drugs 18.1.1 Basics Antiarrhythmic drugs play a central role in the treatment of cardiac arrhythmias in childhood. But their use must be weighed critically….

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29 Heart Transplantation

Jun 13, 2020 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on 29 Heart Transplantation

10.1055/b-0035-121524 29 Heart Transplantation 29.1 Basics Heart transplantation has become an established treatment for children with terminal heart failure. In some centers, heart transplants are performed even on neonates with…

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25 Postoperative Pediatric Cardiac Treatment

Jun 13, 2020 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on 25 Postoperative Pediatric Cardiac Treatment

10.1055/b-0035-121520 25 Postoperative Pediatric Cardiac Treatment 25.1 Hemodynamic Monitoring The most important instrumental methods used for hemodynamic monitoring in the cardiac or cardiac surgery intensive care unit are presented below….

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30 Vaccinations for Pediatric Patients with Cardiac Disease

Jun 13, 2020 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on 30 Vaccinations for Pediatric Patients with Cardiac Disease

10.1055/b-0035-121525 30 Vaccinations for Pediatric Patients with Cardiac Disease Theoretically, the current vaccination schedule of the German Vaccination Committee (STIKO) also applies to children with congenital heart defects. The current…

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26 Operations with Cardiopulmonary Bypass

Jun 13, 2020 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on 26 Operations with Cardiopulmonary Bypass

10.1055/b-0035-121521 26 Operations with Cardiopulmonary Bypass Synonym: extracorporeal circulation 26.1 Basics 26.1.1 Principle of the Cardiopulmonary Bypass Machine The cardiopulmonary bypass machine assumes the pumping function of the heart and…

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27 Mechanical Circulatory Support Systems

Jun 13, 2020 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on 27 Mechanical Circulatory Support Systems

10.1055/b-0035-121522 27 Mechanical Circulatory Support Systems 27.1 Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation 27.1.1 Basics Principle of ECMO Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a procedure for patients with severe lung and/or heart failure…

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17 Cardiomyopathies

Jun 13, 2020 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on 17 Cardiomyopathies

10.1055/b-0035-121512 17 Cardiomyopathies 17.1 Dilated Cardiomyopathy 17.1.1 Basics Definition Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a myocardial disease characterized by enlargement of all cardiac chambers (Fig. 17.1). The dilatation of the left…

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