CARDIOLOGY

Part III Cardiac Abnormalities

Nov 10, 2021 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Part III Cardiac Abnormalities

9 Valvular Heart Disease 9. 1 Aortic Stenosis 9. 1.1 Aortic Stenosis, General Fig. 9.1 Top: Calcified semilunar cusps in aortic stenosis. Bottom: Pressure overload causes concentric left ventricular hypertrophy….

read more

Part II M-Mode and Doppler Echocardiography

Nov 10, 2021 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Part II M-Mode and Doppler Echocardiography

7 M-Mode Echocardiography 7. 1 Principle of M-Mode Echocardiography Fig. 7.1 M-mode echocardiography provides unidimensional imaging of moving objects over time. Only the top point of the soccer ball is…

read more

Part I Examination

Nov 10, 2021 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Part I Examination

1 Imaging and Patient Position 1. 1 Transducer and Imaging Planes Fig. 1.1 Top: The phased-array transducers commonly used in echocardiography bear markings to indicate the scan plane. Bottom: The…

read more

Ischemia and Necrosis

Oct 9, 2021 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Ischemia and Necrosis

Chapter 13Ischemia and Necrosis Concept Myocardial ischemia is defined as the sudden decrease or even stop of the flow of oxygenated blood that in normal conditions perfuse the myocardial tissue….

read more

The Electrophysiological Basis of the ECG

Oct 9, 2021 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on The Electrophysiological Basis of the ECG

Chapter 5The Electrophysiological Basis of the ECG: From Cell Electrophysiology to the Human ECG Types of cardiac cells: slow and fast response cells (Hoffman and Cranefield 1960) From an electrophysiological…

read more

Ventricular Enlargement

Oct 9, 2021 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Ventricular Enlargement

Chapter 10Ventricular Enlargement Concept: preliminary considerations The electrocardiographic concept of chamber enlargement includes wall hypertrophy, chamber dilation, and a combination of the two. Anatomically, the term “ventricular hypertrophy” refers to…

read more
Premium Wordpress Themes by UFO Themes