CARDIOLOGY

Congenital Heart Disease

Dec 17, 2017 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Congenital Heart Disease

(1) Pediatric Cardiology, Policlinico S.Orsola-Malpighi, Bologna, Italy   The value of electrocardiography for diagnosing congenital heart disease has decreased considerably since the introduction of fetal ultrasound as routine antenatal screening….

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Supraventricular Tachycardia

Dec 17, 2017 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Supraventricular Tachycardia

(1) Pediatric Cardiology, Policlinico S.Orsola-Malpighi, Bologna, Italy   In young people, premature atrial contractions (PACs) can be frequent. Sometimes they are not transmitted to the ventricles or are conducted with…

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Normal and Variants

Dec 17, 2017 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Normal and Variants

(1) Pediatric Cardiology, Policlinico S.Orsola-Malpighi, Bologna, Italy   Fig. 6.1 (a) Two identical twins (female) moderately preterm, 2 kg weight. The parameters are identical: PR and QRS duration are the…

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Artifacts and Devices

Dec 17, 2017 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Artifacts and Devices

(1) Pediatric Cardiology, Policlinico S.Orsola-Malpighi, Bologna, Italy   Fig. 8.1 (a) Two-month-old baby boy with hiccups . The first abnormal QRS complex simulates a PVC; the others are more clearly…

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Cardiomyopathies and Myocarditis

Dec 17, 2017 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Cardiomyopathies and Myocarditis

(1) Pediatric Cardiology, Policlinico S.Orsola-Malpighi, Bologna, Italy   Fig. 13.1 (a) Fourteen-year-old boy with incidental finding of abnormal right precordial leads and PVCs. (b) Polymorphic PVCs with LBBB morphology (arising…

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Ventricular Arrhythmias

Dec 17, 2017 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Ventricular Arrhythmias

(1) Pediatric Cardiology, Policlinico S.Orsola-Malpighi, Bologna, Italy   12.1 Idiopathic Ventricular Tachycardia (IVT) and PVCs We have already talked about the electrical stability of a young heart (e.g., severe hypok…

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Pre-excitation Syndromes

Dec 17, 2017 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Pre-excitation Syndromes

(1) Pediatric Cardiology, Policlinico S.Orsola-Malpighi, Bologna, Italy   Fig. 10.1 (a) Twelve-year-old male, asymptomatic, diagnosed as “WPW ” during sports participation screening. There is an intermittent pre-excitation. (b) In the…

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Channelopathies

Dec 17, 2017 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Channelopathies

(1) Pediatric Cardiology, Policlinico S.Orsola-Malpighi, Bologna, Italy   Fig. 16.1 Family with Brugada due to SCN5A mutation . All members are asymptomatic. (a) 9-year-old male. A saddleback pattern can be…

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Drugs, Electrolyte Abnormalities, and Metabolic Factors

Dec 17, 2017 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Drugs, Electrolyte Abnormalities, and Metabolic Factors

(1) Pediatric Cardiology, Policlinico S.Orsola-Malpighi, Bologna, Italy   Fig. 7.1 Sixteen-year-old girl. Mental anorexia . Bradycardia and low voltages are typical. QT prolongation has been described, usually secondary to electrolyte…

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The Waves During Developmental Age

Dec 17, 2017 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on The Waves During Developmental Age

(1) Pediatric Cardiology, Policlinico S.Orsola-Malpighi, Bologna, Italy   In the various stages of development, the ECG changes constantly, pursued with cognitive anxiety by the cardiologist. It is a horizon slipping…

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