Surgery and Endoscopic Procedures

Nov 7, 2020 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Surgery and Endoscopic Procedures

Congenital  Laryngomalacia  Vocal cord paralysis  Congenital subglottic stenosis  Subglottic hemangioma  Congenital laryngeal web  Laryngal atresia  Laryngotracheoesophageal cleft  Tracheomalacia  Bronchomalacia  Congenital tracheal stenosis  Tracheal agenesis Acquired  Subglottic stenosis  Glottic stenosis  Tracheal…

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of Images in Respiratory Diseases

Nov 7, 2020 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on of Images in Respiratory Diseases

Fig. 11.1 Foreign bodies in the airway of a 14-month-old patient with a history of penetration syndrome. Chest x-rays obtained on inspiration (a) and expiration (b) show greater transparency in the right…

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of Pulmonary Function in Schoolchildren and Adolescents

Nov 7, 2020 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on of Pulmonary Function in Schoolchildren and Adolescents

Test Measured variables Physiopathological diagnosis Spirometry and flow/volume loop Forced flows and volumes: Expiratory: PEF, FVC, FEV0.5, FEV0.75, FEV1, FEV6, FEV1/FVC, FEF25, FEF50, FEF75, FEF25–50 Inspiratory: FIF50, FEF50/FIF50 Obstructive ventilatory…

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Chest Cavity, and Dorsal Spine Surgery

Nov 7, 2020 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Chest Cavity, and Dorsal Spine Surgery

Funnel chest Pigeon chest Aplasia or dysplasia Pectus excavatum Pectus carinatum Ectopia cordis   Cleft sternum   Poland’s syndrome   Asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy Pectus Excavatum Pectus excavatum is the anterior depression of the…

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Mechanical Ventilation

Nov 7, 2020 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Mechanical Ventilation

  Newborn 1 year 7 years Adult Compliance (ml/cm H2O) 5 15 50 60–100 Resistance (cm H2O/l/s) 40 15 4 2 Fig. 67.1 Ventilation per minute and physiological dead space Lung compliance…

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of the Airway with Flexible Endoscopy

Nov 7, 2020 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on of the Airway with Flexible Endoscopy

Indication Assessment of the airway  Suspicion of a foreign body  Malformation of the upper airway  Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome  Persistent/recurrent symptom (cough, stridor, wheezing)  Persistent/recurrent disease (atelectasis, pneumonia, etc.)  Follow-up…

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Pneumonia

Nov 7, 2020 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Pneumonia

Pulmonary complications Extrapulmonary complications Suppurated pleuropulmonary complications Immunological/infectious complications  Necrotizing pneumonia  Pneumatocele, pyopneumatocele  Pulmonary abscess  Parapneumonic pleural effusion  Pleural empyema  Mechanical complications of suppurated pneumonias: Air escaping (pneumothorax and bronchopleural…

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Pneumonia

Nov 7, 2020 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Pneumonia

  Bacterial Viral Mycoplasma Age Any Mainly less than 2 years old 3–15 years old Season Year-round Winter Spring Presentation Sudden Variable Insidious Fever High Variable Variable Tachypnea Common Common Infrequent Cough…

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70. Tracheotomy

Nov 7, 2020 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on 70. Tracheotomy

1. High airway obstruction Congenital Craniofacial dimorphism Paralysis of the vocal chords Subglottic hemangioma Subglottic membrane Upper subglottic or tracheal stenosis Pharyngeal collapse Severe laryngomalacia Acquired Secondary subglottic stenosis Severe…

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and Thoracic Trauma

Nov 7, 2020 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on and Thoracic Trauma

Airway disease Asthma, cystic fibrosis, interstitial emphysema Postinfectious Pneumocystis jirovecii, tuberculosis, lung abscess, necrotizing pneumonia, HIV, parasites Connective tissue diseases Marfan syndrome, Ehlers–Danlos syndrome, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus,…

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