RESPIRATORY

Atelectasis

Jul 3, 2019 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Atelectasis

Abstract Atelectasis describes an incomplete expansion of lung tissue, which may be congenital or acquired. Congenital atelectasis is due to incomplete expansion of the lungs, including primary and secondary congenital…

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Respiratory Complications of Down Syndrome

Jul 3, 2019 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Respiratory Complications of Down Syndrome

Abstract This chapter reviews the impact of trisomy 21 (the commonest trisomy) upon the respiratory tract, including its impact upon the structure and function of the upper and lower tract,…

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Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia

Jul 3, 2019 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia

Abstract Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is one of an expanding collection of disorders collectively known as ciliopathies. A rare, inherited disease of the motile cilia, PCD is clinically characterized by…

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Aspiration

Jul 3, 2019 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Aspiration

Abstract The presence and significance of aspiration is a common consideration for children seen in “aerodigestive centers.” Aspiration, the passage of food or liquid below the larynx, can be acute…

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Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage in Children

Jul 3, 2019 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage in Children

Abstract Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage most commonly refers to bleeding from the low-pressure pulmonary vascular bed and is a rare cause of chronic interstitial lung disease in children. Patients can present…

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Chest Wall and Respiratory Muscle Disorders

Jul 3, 2019 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Chest Wall and Respiratory Muscle Disorders

Abstract Disorders of the chest wall, spine, and respiratory muscles include an array of conditions which share respiratory function abnormalities consistent with restrictive lung disease. Depending on the cause, they…

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