RESPIRATORY

Alveolar Ventilation

Oct 11, 2019 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Alveolar Ventilation

Objectives 1. Understand the composition of gases from ambient air to the alveoli. 2. Describe the alveolar air equation and its use. 3. Define the alveolar carbon dioxide equation and…

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Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Transport

Oct 11, 2019 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Transport

Objectives 1. Explain diffusion limitation and perfusion limitation and their importance in gas exchange 2. Apply Fick’s law to the alveolar–capillary surface. 3. Describe the diffusion of oxygen and carbon…

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Ventilation ( V˙V˙ V ˙ ), Perfusion ( Q˙Q˙ Q ˙ ), and Their Relationships

Oct 11, 2019 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Ventilation ( V˙V˙ V ˙ ), Perfusion ( Q˙Q˙ Q ˙ ), and Their Relationships

Objectives 1. Describe the significance of a normal ventilation/perfusion ratio ( <SPAN role=presentation tabIndex=0 id=MathJax-Element-5-Frame class=MathJax style="POSITION: relative" data-mathml='V˙/Q˙’>V˙/Q˙˙V/˙Q V˙/Q˙ ˙V/˙Q V ˙ / Q ˙ ). 2. Characterize the…

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Tests of Lung Function

Oct 11, 2019 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Tests of Lung Function

Objectives 1. Describe lung volumes and their measurement using three methods. 2. Discuss the uses of spirometry in clinical practice. 3. Define the effort-dependent and effort-independent portions of the flow…

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The Pulmonary Circulation

Oct 11, 2019 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on The Pulmonary Circulation

Objectives 1. Describe the anatomy, function, physiology, and regulation of the two circulations in the lung. 2. Describe the distribution of pulmonary blood flow. 3. Explain pulmonary vascular resistance in…

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Dynamic Lung Mechanics

Oct 11, 2019 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Dynamic Lung Mechanics

Objectives 1. Describe how a pressure gradient is created. 2. Define airway resistance and its measurement. 3. Discuss three factors that contribute to or regulate airway resistance in health and…

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Tumors of the Chest

Jul 3, 2019 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Tumors of the Chest

Abstract Tumors of the chest in the pediatric population represent a large collection of pathologies. They can differ in location from the chest wall, to the mediastinum, to the lung…

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