RESPIRATORY

Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage

Nov 20, 2018 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage

Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage Amber A. Afshar Richard D. Brasington General Principles Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) encompasses a heterogeneous group of pulmonary and nonpulmonary disorders characterized by widespread intra-alveolar bleeding. DAH…

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Hemoptysis

Nov 20, 2018 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Hemoptysis

Hemoptysis Daniel R. Crouch Tonya D. Russell General Principles Definition Hemoptysis refers to the expectoration of blood originating from the lower airway or lung. Massive hemoptysis is defined as the…

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Cystic Fibrosis

Nov 20, 2018 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic Fibrosis Robert Guzy Daniel B. Rosenbluth General Principles Definition Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene (CFTR),…

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Viral Pulmonary Infections

Nov 20, 2018 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Viral Pulmonary Infections

Viral Pulmonary Infections Brian C. Keller Steven L. Brody General Principles Viral respiratory infections account for nearly 50% of all acute respiratory illnesses. Most infections are self-limited. Approximately 200 antigenically…

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Fungal Pulmonary Infections

Nov 20, 2018 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Fungal Pulmonary Infections

Fungal Pulmonary Infections Catherine Chen Introduction Infections of the lung with both opportunistic and endemic fungi are increasingly common and are a result of the increasing population of immunocompromised hosts,…

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Tuberculosis

Nov 20, 2018 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis Jonathan Baghdadi Carlos C. Daughaday General Principles Classification Active infection can occur with initial exposure to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) or following reactivation of latent disease. Latent infection occurs when…

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Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia

Nov 20, 2018 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia

Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia Cristina Vazquez Guillamet Marin H. Kollef General Principles Definition Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) is pneumonia occurring >48 hours after admission to the hospital.1 Ventilator-acquired pneumonia (VAP) is pneumonia occurring…

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Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Nov 20, 2018 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Community-Acquired Pneumonia Jake M. Chanin Carlos A. Q. Santos General Principles Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. CAP ranks highly among…

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Smoking Cessation

Nov 20, 2018 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Smoking Cessation

Smoking Cessation Sundeep Viswanathan Amy McQueen General Principles Epidemiology Cigarette smoking causes over 400,000 deaths annually in the United States. In 2012, 18.1% of adults smoked cigarettes.1 Rates of smoking…

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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Nov 20, 2018 by in RESPIRATORY Comments Off on Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease John Dickinson Roger D. Yusen General Principles Definition Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common, preventable, treatable, and usually progressive condition characterized by persistent airflow…

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