CARDIOLOGY

Interstage Management

Jan 19, 2020 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Interstage Management

Introduction Several fundamentals of perioperative care for shunt-dependent dual-distribution circulation (see Chapter 70 ) extend to transitional care from the intensive care unit and throughout the interstage period in an…

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Atrioventricular Septal Defects

Jan 19, 2020 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Atrioventricular Septal Defects

Key WordsCommon atrioventricular junction, trifoliate left atrioventricular valve, ostium primum defect, surgical correction, Down syndrome   There is a group of lesions unified by the anatomic hallmark of a common…

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Chronic Rheumatic Heart Disease

Jan 19, 2020 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Chronic Rheumatic Heart Disease

Chronic rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is the persistence of valvar dysfunction following an episode of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) or ARF recurrence. Once the inflammatory markers normalize, any persistent valve…

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Pulmonary Hypertension

Jan 19, 2020 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Pulmonary Hypertension

Pulmonary Hypertension Pulmonary hypertension describes a number of different diseases involving the pulmonary vasculature, which have common hemodynamic, histologic, and therapeutic features. The hallmark of these diseases is an abnormally…

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Chronic Mechanical Circulatory Support

Jan 19, 2020 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Chronic Mechanical Circulatory Support

Introduction The use of long-term mechanical circulatory support (MCS), predominately in the form of ventricular assist devices (VADs), has undergone a major transformation in the past 15 years. In the…

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Neurodevelopmental and Psychosocial Outcomes in Children and Young Adults With Complex Congenital Cardiac Disease

Jan 19, 2020 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Neurodevelopmental and Psychosocial Outcomes in Children and Young Adults With Complex Congenital Cardiac Disease

Introduction Prior to the early 1980s, it was uncommon for children with complex congenital heart disease (cCHD) to survive into later childhood. The nearly simultaneous advances in congenital heart surgery,…

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Myocarditis

Jan 19, 2020 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Myocarditis

This chapter discusses inflammatory diseases of the heart, excluding rheumatic fever (see Chapters 55 and 56 ), Kawasaki disease (see Chapter 54 ), pericarditis (see Chapter 58 ), and infectious…

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