CARDIOLOGY

Tricuspid Valve Anomalies

Aug 8, 2022 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Tricuspid Valve Anomalies

How many anatomically different kinds of malformation can befall the tricuspid valve? Our database suggests that the answer is at least 12 ( Table 13.1 ). TABLE 13.1 Anatomic Types…

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Superoinferior Ventricles

Aug 8, 2022 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Superoinferior Ventricles

The malformation known as superoinferior (SI) ventricles is characterized typically by a superior morphologically right ventricle (RV), an inferior morphologically left ventricle (LV), and a relatively horizontal ventricular septum (VS)….

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Ventricular Septal Defects

Aug 8, 2022 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Ventricular Septal Defects

In 1989, Dr. John Kirklin asked me how I thought ventricular septal defects (VSDs) should be described, named, and classified. Soto, Ceballos, and Kirklin were just about to publish their…

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Absence of the Subpulmonary Infundibulum With Its Sequelae Has Been Misinterpreted as Common Aortopulmonary Trunk

Aug 8, 2022 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Absence of the Subpulmonary Infundibulum With Its Sequelae Has Been Misinterpreted as Common Aortopulmonary Trunk

As classically conceived, truncus arteriosus communis (common aortopulmonary trunk) seems not to exist. The classical embryologic conception is that the truncoconal septum has failed to grow downward from the aortic…

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Infundibuloarterial Situs Equations: How Normally and Abnormally Related Great Arteries Are Built and the Importance of Infundibuloarterial Situs Concordance and Discordance

Aug 8, 2022 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Infundibuloarterial Situs Equations: How Normally and Abnormally Related Great Arteries Are Built and the Importance of Infundibuloarterial Situs Concordance and Discordance

Now that we have considered tricuspid valve anomalies (see Chapter 13 ), mitral valve anomalies (see Chapter 14 ), and common atrioventricular (AV) canal (see Chapter 11 ), we are…

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Anomalous Infundibular Muscle Bundles: Also Known as Anomalous Muscle Bundles of the Right Ventricle and as Double-Chambered Right Ventricle

Aug 8, 2022 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Anomalous Infundibular Muscle Bundles: Also Known as Anomalous Muscle Bundles of the Right Ventricle and as Double-Chambered Right Ventricle

What are anomalous muscle bundles of the right ventricle, also known as double-chambered right ventricle? As will be seen, these malformations really are anomalous infundibular muscle bundles. Statistics In the…

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Tetralogy of Fallot

Aug 8, 2022 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Tetralogy of Fallot

The anomaly now known as the tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) was first described, insofar as is known, by Niels Stensen in 1671. He was also known in Latin as Nicolaus…

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Pulmonary Venous Anomalies

Aug 8, 2022 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Pulmonary Venous Anomalies

Totally Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection/Drainage Definition Totally anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) is an anomaly in which none of the pulmonary veins connect normally with the morphologically left atrium (LA)….

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Common Atrioventricular Canal

Aug 8, 2022 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Common Atrioventricular Canal

Acknowledgment I would like to thank Silvio Litovsky, M.D., for his great help in analyzing the data on which this chapter is based. Definition The anomaly known as common atrioventricular…

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