CARDIOLOGY

Cardiovascular Risk Factors

Apr 15, 2019 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Cardiovascular Risk Factors

TABLE C-1 ESTIMATED VALUE FOR PERCENTILE REGRESSION OF WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE ∗ FOR EUROPEAN AMERICAN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS ACCORDING TO SEX Age (yr) Percentile for Boys Percentile for Girls 10th 25th…

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Drugs Used in Pediatric Cardiology

Apr 15, 2019 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Drugs Used in Pediatric Cardiology

TABLE E-1 DRUG INDEX (FOR DRUGS USED IN PEDIATRIC CARDIOLOGY) Trade Name Generic Name Class Abbokinase Urokinase Thrombolytic agent Actiq Fentanyl Narcotic analgesic Adalat Nifedipine Calcium channel blocker Adalat CC…

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Cyanotic Congenital Heart Defects

Apr 15, 2019 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Cyanotic Congenital Heart Defects

Most cyanotic congenital heart defects (CHDs) manifest during the neonatal period, requiring a correct diagnosis for appropriate management. Detection of cyanosis has been made much easier in recent years by…

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Blood Pressure Values

Apr 15, 2019 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Blood Pressure Values

TABLE B-1 BLOOD PRESSURE LEVELS FOR BOYS BY AGE AND HEIGHT PERCENTILE (NHBPEP) Age BP Percentile Systolic BP (mm Hg) Diastolic BP (mm Hg) Percentile of Height Percentile of Height…

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Miscellaneous

Apr 15, 2019 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Miscellaneous

TABLE A-1 RECURRENCE RISKS GIVEN ONE SIBLING WHO HAS A CARDIOVASCULAR ANOMALY Anomaly Suggested Risk (%) Ventricular septal defect 3.0 Patent ductus arteriosus 3.0 Atrial septal defect 2.5 Tetralogy of…

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Cardiac Arrhythmias

Apr 15, 2019 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Cardiac Arrhythmias

The frequency and clinical significance of arrhythmias are different in children compared with adults. Although arrhythmias are relatively infrequent in infants and children, the common practice of monitoring cardiac rhythm…

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Disturbances of Atrioventricular Conduction

Apr 15, 2019 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Disturbances of Atrioventricular Conduction

Atrioventricular (AV) block is a disturbance in conduction between the normal sinus impulse and the eventual ventricular response. The block is assigned to one of three classes, depending on the…

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Cardiac Tumors

Apr 15, 2019 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Cardiac Tumors

Prevalence Cardiac tumors in the pediatric age group are extremely rare. A primary cardiac tumor was diagnosed in 0.001% to 0.003% of admissions at large children’s referral centers. The male-to-female…

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Valvular Heart Disease

Apr 15, 2019 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Valvular Heart Disease

Valvular heart diseases are either congenital or acquired in origin. The pathophysiology and clinical manifestations are similar for both entities and are discussed in Chapter 10 , Pathophysiology of Obstructive…

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