Congenital Heart Disease

May 5, 2019 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Congenital Heart Disease

Congenital Heart Disease SECTION 1 ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY AND CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE Progress has been made in the diagnosis of congenital heart diseases. In the past, careful physical examination along with the…

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Neoplasms and the Heart

May 5, 2019 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Neoplasms and the Heart

Neoplasms and the Heart SECTION 1 CLASSIFICATION OF NEOPLASMS OF THE HEART FIGURE 9.1 Patterns of involvement of the heart and pericardium by primary and secondary tumors. (Adapted from Buja…

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The Pericardium

May 5, 2019 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on The Pericardium

The Pericardium SECTION 1 THE PERICARDIUM The pericardium is a fibroelastic sac that contains the heart and the proximal segments of the aorta and pulmonary artery and a portion of…

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The Right Ventricle

May 5, 2019 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on The Right Ventricle

The Right Ventricle SECTION 1 ANATOMY OF THE RIGHT VENTRICLE The right ventricle is located anterior to and wraps around the left ventricle. The entrance to the right ventricle is…

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The Tricuspid Valve

May 5, 2019 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on The Tricuspid Valve

The Tricuspid Valve SECTION 1 THE TRICUSPID VALVE AT THE BEDSIDE AND THE ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY AND CARDIAC CATHETERIZATION LABS Of the four valves, the tricuspid valve may produce the most visible…

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The Mitral Valve Apparatus

May 5, 2019 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on The Mitral Valve Apparatus

The Mitral Valve Apparatus SECTION 1 CLASSIFICATION OF MITRAL VALVE DISORDERS The mitral valve apparatus has several amazing functions. The leaflets act as a one-way door in diastole allowing blood…

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The Right Atrium

May 5, 2019 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on The Right Atrium

The Right Atrium SECTION 1 ANATOMY OF THE RIGHT ATRIUM FIGURE 5.1 3D image of the right atrium processed from a computerized tomographic image. FIGURE 5.2 Stick diagram of the…

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The Left Ventricle

May 5, 2019 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on The Left Ventricle

The Left Ventricle SECTION 1 ANATOMY OF THE LEFT VENTRICLE1 The normal left ventricle has been described by various geometric shapes with the most common being an ellipsoid. An elongated…

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