Esophageal Reconstruction

Mar 13, 2019 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Esophageal Reconstruction

Step 1 Surgical Anatomy Reconstruction of the esophagus requires a detailed knowledge of the anatomy of the esophagus itself as well as the conduits used: ♦ Esophagus ▴ The left…

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Minimally Invasive Esophagectomy

Mar 13, 2019 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Minimally Invasive Esophagectomy

Step 1 Surgical Anatomy ♦ The esophagus includes cervical, thoracic, and abdominal segments and travels through the posterior mediastinum to join the stomach via the esophageal hiatus of the diaphragm….

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Resection of Benign Esophageal Tumors

Mar 13, 2019 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Resection of Benign Esophageal Tumors

Step 1 Surgical Anatomy ♦ A comprehensive understanding of the anatomy of the esophagus is critical before undertaking surgical procedures on the esophagus ( Fig. 35-1A-C ). Figure 35-1 (Adapted…

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Esophageal Diverticulum Excision and Repair

Mar 13, 2019 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Esophageal Diverticulum Excision and Repair

Zenker’s Diverticulum Step 1 Surgical Anatomy ♦ The upper esophageal sphincter consists of the cricopharyngeal muscle, which courses transversely along the posterior portion of the esophagus. The esophagus borders superiorly…

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Transthoracic Antireflux Surgery Procedures

Mar 13, 2019 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Transthoracic Antireflux Surgery Procedures

Step 1 Surgical Anatomy ♦ Key anatomic structures that must be considered in antireflux surgery include the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), gastroesophageal junction (GEJ), esophageal hiatus, phrenic nerve, and vagus…

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Endoscopic Treatment for Gastroesophageal Reflux

Mar 13, 2019 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Endoscopic Treatment for Gastroesophageal Reflux

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) affects more than 10 million Americans. Most are maintained on oral antacid medications such as histamine type 2 blockers and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). A subset,…

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Robotic Esophagectomy

Mar 13, 2019 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Robotic Esophagectomy

♦ Esophagectomy is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates, not only because it involves the manipulation of both abdominal and thoracic-mediastinal structures but also because the patients are often…

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