CARDIAC SURGERY

Initial Trauma Management

Jun 24, 2019 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Initial Trauma Management

KEY WORDS ▪ Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) ▪ Rapid sequence intubation ▪ Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) INTRODUCTION ▪ Trauma is a public health issue and one of the leading…

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Tube Thoracostomy

Jun 24, 2019 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Tube Thoracostomy

TERMINOLOGY ▪ Tube thoracostomy DEFINITION A thoracostomy tube refers to a drainage tube placed percutaneously into the pleural space for drainage of intrapleural air or fluid. HISTORY ▪ Hippocrates was…

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Nuclear Medicine Imaging in Thoracic Surgery

Jun 24, 2019 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Nuclear Medicine Imaging in Thoracic Surgery

TERMINOLOGY ▪ Ventilation/perfusion lung scan (V/Q) ▪ 2-deoxy-2( 18 F)fluoro-D-glucose (FDG) ▪ Positron emission tomography (PET) ▪ Standardized uptake value (SUV) ▪ Positron ▪ Coincident event DEFINITIONS ▪ SUV :…

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Superior Sulcus Tumors

Jun 24, 2019 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Superior Sulcus Tumors

TERMINOLOGY ▪ Superior sulcus tumor ▪ Superior pulmonary sulcus tumor ▪ Pancoast tumor ▪ Pancoast’s syndrome DEFINITION A superior sulcus (or Pancoast) tumor is a neoplasm of pulmonary origin that…

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Transplant Pharmacology

Jun 24, 2019 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Transplant Pharmacology

TRANSPLANT IMMUNOSUPPRESSION Immunosuppressive Agents Immunosuppressive agents are the mainstream therapies used to overcome immunologic barriers to transplantation and to prevent allograft rejection. Immunosuppressive agents are divided into different categories depending…

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Resection for Pulmonary Metastases

Jun 24, 2019 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Resection for Pulmonary Metastases

INTRODUCTION ▪ The lungs are one of the most common sites of involvement for metastatic neoplasms. About 30% of patients with malignant disease will eventually develop pulmonary metastases. For melanomas…

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