CARDIAC SURGERY

Anomaly

Apr 27, 2020 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Anomaly

Fig. 17.1 The procedure begins with aortic occlusion and cardioplegic arrest using antegrade cold blood cardioplegia, as shown in Fig. 17.2. In primary median sternotomies, the cross-clamp includes both the…

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Thoracic outlet syndromes

Apr 27, 2020 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Thoracic outlet syndromes

5 Thoracic outlet syndromes Hugh A. Gelabert and Erdogan Atasoy A VASCULAR APPROACH Introduction A renewed interest in thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) has been evident with an increased number of…

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Right-sided pulmonary resections

Apr 27, 2020 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Right-sided pulmonary resections

12 Right-sided pulmonary resections R. Kaiser Larry HISTORY Evarts Graham performed the first successful pneumonectomy for lung cancer in 1933.1 Pulmonary resection was also applied to patients with tuberculosis before…

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Pectus deformities

Apr 27, 2020 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Pectus deformities

2 Pectus deformities Antonio Messineo ANTONIO MESSINEO AND MARCO GHIONZOLI Pectus excavatum and pectus carinatum, which represent the two main anterior chest wall deformities, are often associated with systemic weakness…

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Lung transplantation

Apr 27, 2020 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Lung transplantation

24 Lung transplantation Paula Moreno HISTORY James Hardy performed the first lung transplantation (LT) in a human in 1963. The patient, a 58-year-old prisoner diagnosed with a squamous cell carcinoma…

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Tracheal resection

Apr 27, 2020 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Tracheal resection

7 Tracheal resection Peter Goldstraw HISTORY Early attempts at tracheal resection were timid, limited to 2 cm or less of the trachea and frequently less than circumferential. More extensive resections…

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Left thoracic approach to esophageal diverticula

Apr 27, 2020 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Left thoracic approach to esophageal diverticula

43 Left thoracic approach to esophageal diverticula ANDRÉ DURANCEAU PRINCIPLES AND JUSTIFICATION Pulsion diverticula of the distal esophagus are considered to be complications of abnormal intraesophageal pressures. The work of…

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Esophageal anastomoses: sutured and stapled

Apr 27, 2020 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Esophageal anastomoses: sutured and stapled

29 Esophageal anastomoses: sutured and stapled Jon shenfine and Glyn G. Jamieson PRINCIPLES AND JUSTIFICATION The penalties of anastomotic leak from an esophageal anastomosis can be severe. They vary from…

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Abdominal and right thoracic esophagectomy

Apr 27, 2020 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Abdominal and right thoracic esophagectomy

32 Abdominal and right thoracic esophagectomy S. Michael Griffin and Shajahan Wahed HISTORY Before 1946, the only widely practiced approach to the thoracic esophagus had been described by Sweet using…

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