CARDIAC SURGERY

Ventricular Septal Defect

Nov 14, 2018 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Ventricular Septal Defect

Ventricular Septal Defect A ventricular septal defect can occur as an isolated lesion or in combination with other anomalies. SURGICAL ANATOMY The embryologic development of ventricular septal defects is interesting…

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Atrioventricular Septal Defect

Nov 14, 2018 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Atrioventricular Septal Defect

Atrioventricular Septal Defect This anatomic complex has been referred to as an atrioventricular canal. The septal defect includes the inferior segment of the atrial septum and the superior segment or…

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Atrial Septal Defect

Nov 14, 2018 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Atrial Septal Defect

Atrial Septal Defect Defects in the atrial septum are relatively common. They appear at various sites in the septum and can be associated with other congenital abnormalities. In addition, there…

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Systemic Pulmonary Shunting

Nov 14, 2018 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Systemic Pulmonary Shunting

Systemic Pulmonary Shunting Because most congenital heart defects are managed by total correction, shunting procedures are now performed in select patient populations. Systemic to pulmonary artery shunts offer excellent palliation…

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Aortopulmonary Window

Nov 14, 2018 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Aortopulmonary Window

Aortopulmonary Window An aortopulmonary window is a relatively rare anomaly that can occur either as an isolated defect or in association with other congenital lesions, such as ventricular septal defect,…

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Surgery of the Aortic Valve

Nov 14, 2018 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Surgery of the Aortic Valve

Surgery of the Aortic Valve Aortic stenosis secondary to degenerative calcification, congenital bicuspid aortic valve disease, or rheumatic fever is the most common indication for aortic valve replacement. Acute aortic…

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Coarctation of the Aorta

Nov 14, 2018 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Coarctation of the Aorta

Coarctation of the Aorta More than 50% of infants with a coarctation of the aorta become symptomatic during the first month of life. Associated cardiac anomalies accompany this lesion in…

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Surgery of the Aorta

Nov 14, 2018 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Surgery of the Aorta

Surgery of the Aorta ACUTE AORTIC DISSECTION Acute aortic dissection has a sudden onset and is a true surgical emergency. It is usually initiated by a transverse tear in the…

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Surgery of the Mitral Valve

Nov 14, 2018 by in CARDIAC SURGERY Comments Off on Surgery of the Mitral Valve

Surgery of the Mitral Valve Degenerative and myxomatous changes are the most common cause of mitral valve disease in North America and Western Europe today. These changes affect the leaflets…

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