Intraoperative and Interventional Echocardiography

Jul 15, 2018 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Intraoperative and Interventional Echocardiography

18 Intraoperative and Interventional Echocardiography BASIC PRINCIPLES Indications Preoperative Diagnosis Hemodynamics Surgical Manipulation and Instrumentation Time Constraints ECHOCARDIOGRAPHIC APPROACH Views Sequence Reporting and Image Storage LIMITATIONS AND TECHNICAL CONSIDERATIONS Image…

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Normal Anatomy and Flow Patterns on Transthoracic Echocardiography

Jul 15, 2018 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Normal Anatomy and Flow Patterns on Transthoracic Echocardiography

2 Normal Anatomy and Flow Patterns on Transthoracic Echocardiography BASIC IMAGING PRINCIPLES Tomographic Imaging Nomenclature of Standard Views Image Orientation Examination Technique Technical Quality Echocardiographic Image Interpretation TRANSTHORACIC TOMOGRAPHIC VIEWS…

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Cardiomyopathies, Hypertensive and Pulmonary Heart Disease

Jul 10, 2018 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Cardiomyopathies, Hypertensive and Pulmonary Heart Disease

9 Cardiomyopathies, Hypertensive and Pulmonary Heart Disease DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY Basic Principles Echocardiographic Approach Limitations and Technical Considerations Clinical Utility Alternate Approaches HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY Basic Principles Echocardiographic Approach Left Ventricular Asymmetric…

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Ventricular Diastolic Filling and Function

Jul 10, 2018 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Ventricular Diastolic Filling and Function

7 Ventricular Diastolic Filling and Function BASIC PRINCIPLES Phases of Diastole Parameters of Diastolic Function Ventricular Relaxation Ventricular Compliance Ventricular Diastolic Pressures Ventricular Diastolic Filling (Volume) Curves Atrial Pressures and…

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Diseases of the Great Arteries

Jul 10, 2018 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Diseases of the Great Arteries

16 Diseases of the Great Arteries BASIC PRINCIPLES ECHOCARDIOGRAPHIC APPROACH Transthoracic Approach Echocardiographic Imaging Doppler Flows Limitations of Transthoracic Imaging of the Aorta Transesophageal Approach Echocardiographic Imaging Doppler Flows AORTIC…

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Left and Right Ventricular Systolic Function

Jul 10, 2018 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Left and Right Ventricular Systolic Function

6 Left and Right Ventricular Systolic Function BASIC PRINCIPLES Cardiac Cycle Physiology of Systolic Function Ventricular Volumes and Geometry Cardiac Output Response to Exercise IMAGING THE LEFT VENTRICLE Qualitative Evaluation…

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Valvular Regurgitation

Jul 10, 2018 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Valvular Regurgitation

12 Valvular Regurgitation BASIC PRINCIPLES Etiology of Valvular Regurgitation Fluid Dynamics of Valvular Regurgitation Volume Overload Detection of Valvular Regurgitation Valvular Regurgitation in Normal Individuals APPROACHES TO THE EVALUATION OF…

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Coronary Artery Disease

Jul 10, 2018 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Coronary Artery Disease

8 Coronary Artery Disease BASIC PRINCIPLES Coronary Artery Anatomy Evaluation of Left Ventricular Wall Motion Transthoracic Imaging Transesophageal Imaging Sequence of Events in Ischemia Evaluation of Global and Regional Ventricular…

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Principles of Echocardiographic Image Acquisition and Doppler Analysis

Jul 10, 2018 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Principles of Echocardiographic Image Acquisition and Doppler Analysis

1 Principles of Echocardiographic Image Acquisition and Doppler Analysis ULTRASOUND WAVES ULTRASOUND TISSUE INTERACTION Reflection Scattering Refraction Attenuation TRANSDUCERS Piezoelectric Crystal Types of Transducers Beam Shape and Focusing Resolution ULTRASOUND…

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Valvular Stenosis

Jul 10, 2018 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Valvular Stenosis

11 Valvular Stenosis BASIC PRINCIPLES Approach to the Evaluation of Valvular Stenosis Fluid Dynamics of Valvular Stenosis High-Velocity Jet Relationship Between Pressure Gradient and Velocity Distal Flow Disturbance Proximal Flow…

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