Vascular Anomalies

Sep 30, 2017 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Vascular Anomalies

Recommended correct terminology Correlative terminology to be avoided Congenital vascular tumors Infantile hemangioma Capillary hemangioma Congenital hemangioma Strawberry hemangioma Hemangioendothelioma   Low-flow malformations Capillary malformation Port wine hemangioma Venous malformation…

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Thoracic, Thoracoabdominal, and Iliac Artery Aneurysms

Sep 30, 2017 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Thoracic, Thoracoabdominal, and Iliac Artery Aneurysms

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017Tulio Pinho Navarro, Alan Dardik, Daniela Junqueira and Ligia Cisneros (eds.)Vascular Diseases for the Non-Specialist10.1007/978-3-319-46059-8_10 10. Thoracic, Thoracoabdominal, and Iliac Artery Aneurysms Guilherme de Castro Santos1  , Raquel Ferreira Nogueira2   and Carolina Ribeiro dos Santos3   (1) Department of Surgery,…

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Peripheral and Visceral Aneurysm

Sep 30, 2017 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Peripheral and Visceral Aneurysm

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017Tulio Pinho Navarro, Alan Dardik, Daniela Junqueira and Ligia Cisneros (eds.)Vascular Diseases for the Non-Specialist10.1007/978-3-319-46059-8_9 9. Peripheral and Visceral Aneurysm Guilherme de Castro Santos1  , Raquel Ferreira Nogueira2   and Carolina Ribeiro dos Santos3   (1) Department of Surgery, Hospital das Clínicas…

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Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms

Sep 30, 2017 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms

Abdominal aortic aneurysm diameter (cm) Risk of rupture in 12 months (%) <4.0 0 4–4.9 0.5–5 5–5.9 1–13 6–6.9 10–20 7–7.9 20–40 >8 30–50 Adapted from: “Aggarwal S, Qamar A,…

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Cerebrovascular Disease

Sep 30, 2017 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Cerebrovascular Disease

Antiplatelet agents One or two associated drugs Reduces risk of stroke and CV mortality Antihypertensive agents Reduction in systolic BP by 10 mmHg/diastolic by 5 mmHg or reduction to 120/80…

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Atherosclerosis

Sep 30, 2017 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Atherosclerosis

Fig. 3.1 Pathophysiology of atheromatous plaque Cerebrovascular Disease It is a pathological narrowing of the intima of the common or internal carotid artery, typically in focal areas called plaques or…

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Acute Limb Ischemia

Sep 30, 2017 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Acute Limb Ischemia

Class Category Prognosis Sensory loss Muscle weakness Arterial Doppler Venous Doppler I Viable No immediate limb threat None None Audible Audible IIA Threatened: marginal Salvageable if treated promptly Minimal-none None…

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Peripheral Artery Disease

Sep 30, 2017 by in CARDIOLOGY Comments Off on Peripheral Artery Disease

Fontaine Grade Rutherford Grade Rutherford stages Clinical presentation I 0 0 Asymptomatic IIa  1 Mild claudication IIb I 2 Moderate claudication 3 Severe claudication III II 4 Pain at rest…

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